Researchers at the University of Manchester have
conducted the largest ever review of the effect of
movement-monitoring devices, such as pedometers, on the activity of
individuals with diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Using data from 36 studies, with a total of 5,208 participants,
researchers investigated the short-term effects of using wearable
step-counting devices on the physical activity in adults with
cardiometabolic conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, and
cardiovascular disease (CVD).
They found the devices were associated with small-to-medium
improvements in physical activity. The paper was recently published
in the open-access journal JAMA Network Open on October 9,
Results from previous studies have shown that the use of
pedometers helps people with chronic conditions to increase their
physical activity levels.
However, the authors of this paper note that a major limitation
from previous studies is that interventions involving step-counting
devices vary a lot, so it is unclear which interventions are most
Dr. Alex Hodkinson, one of the researchers who carried out the
study, said; "This study differs to earlier ones because it has
looked at which types of interventions using the two most common
monitoring devices (accelerometers and pedometers) are most
effective in improving physical activity among people with diabetes
and cardiometabolic conditions."
He added; "We have also determined some of the key factors that
moderate their performance, such as the 'personnel' involved
delivering the intervention and participant level factors like 'age