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Managing diabetes

Managing diabetes

Insulin

Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas. Your body uses insulin to move glucose from the bloodstream into cells where it is used as energy. Insulin injections are required because your body is not producing insulin.

 

Why inject insulin?

Insulin is a protein. It can't be given in tablet form because stomach acids destroy the proteins before the insulin can be absorbed.

 

Types of insulin

There are five main types of insulin:

  • Rapid-acting analogues
  • Long-acting analogues
  • Short-acting insulin
  • Intermediate-acting insulin
  • Mixed insulin

 

Storing insulin

All insulin needs to be kept below 30°C out of the fridge and ideally between 2°C and 6°C in the fridge.

 

Disposal of sharps

Dispose of syringes and needles in an approved sharps container, which must be kept out of reach of children. These containers are available from your pharmacist or Diabetes Queensland.