Managing diabetes

Managing diabetes

Healthy eating and your diabetes

Choose the right food.

Choose a broad variety of foods from the five food groups:

  • breads, cereals, rice, pasta, and noodles
  • fruit
  • vegetables and legumes
  • low-fat dairy
  • lean meat, fish, poultry and nuts


Watch your portions

Match your energy intake with your energy output (physical activity). Eating too much, even healthy foods, can increase insulin resistance and raise blood glucose levels.


Eat regularly throughout the day

Start your day with breakfast and don't skip meals. Depending on your insulin regimen, you may need to snack between meals - discuss this with your dietitian or diabetes educator.


Include carbohydrates at each meal

Carbohydrates are nutrients that are an important fuel source for your body. You need to match your insulin or medication to the amount of carbohydrates you have consumed.


Eat more fibre

Fibre helps control blood glucose levels, cholesterol and weight. Good sources of fibre can be found in wholegrain bread, fruit, vegetables and legumes.


Try these quick tips:

  • Reduce your intake of saturated fat and trans fats - these are found in whole fat dairy products, fatty meat and butter and in tropical oils such as coconut and palm oil.
  • Aim for at least two portions of oily fish a week
  • Eat two serves of fruit and at least five serves of vegetables a day, and include  beans and lentils
  • Limit salt intake and replace with herbs, spices, onion, chilli and capsicum
  • Avoid or limit alcohol intake (no more than two standard drinks on any one day)