Coeliac disease and diabetes
Healthy living with diabetes and coeliac disease
It’s estimated that 5-10% of people with type 1 diabetes may have coeliac disease. Some people with type 2 diabetes also develop coeliac disease, but the two conditions are not related.
Coeliac disease is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system reacts abnormally to gluten causing inflammation and damage to the small intestine. Inflammation can also occur in other parts of the body. The damage to the small intestine affects its ability to absorb nutrients from food, which can lead to nutritional and growth deficiencies. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye, barley and oats. The only treatment for coeliac disease is a lifelong gluten free diet. Following a gluten free diet prevents further damage to the small intestine, and allows it to steadily repair itself so that symptoms resolve and nutrition from food can be absorbed properly.
Healthy eating for diabetes
What are the symptoms of coeliac disease? How is coeliac disease diagnosed? For more information about healthy eating, gluten free carbohydrate foods and what healthy eating for diabetes includes, Diabetes Queensland and Coeliac Australia have developed the Coeliac and Diabetes factsheet.
Gluten Free Carbohydrate List
Download the Gluten Free Carbohydrate List for a list of gluten free carbohydrate foods, respective carb grams per serve and the carbohydrate exchange.