Diabetes is the world's fastest-growing chronic disease. It's
the sixth-leading cause of death in Australia.
Every day, 62 Queenslanders are diagnosed with the
condition, in most cases with the largely preventable type 2
diabetes. Diabetes is a medical condition where the body fails to
process blood sugar or glucose in a normal way.
The symptoms of diabetes can be subtle and include
tiredness, feeling lethargic, feeling thirsty and blurred vision.
These symptoms are often put down to normal daily stresses, age, or
general wear and tear.
There are several types of diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
- Gestational diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes or
juvenile-onset diabetes, and usually develops in people under 30
years of age. Type 1 diabetes affects 10 to 15 per cent of all
people with diabetes.
With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas doesn't produce insulin
because the cells that make insulin have been destroyed by the
immune system. People with type 1 diabetes require daily
insulin injections to regulate their blood glucose levels.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, affecting
85 to 90 per cent of all people with diabetes. It is known as a
lifestyle condition, where the body still produces some insulin but
it may not be enough or work well enough to keep blood glucose
levels within a healthy range.
Your risk for type 2 diabetes is higher if you
- have a family history type 2 diabetes
- developed diabetes during pregnancy
- are more than 40 years of age
- are of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent
- don't get enough exercise
- have high blood pressure
- have a waist measurement above 94cm for men, or 80cm for
- have a poor diet, containing too much fatty and sugary
Are you at risk of type 2
diabetes? To use our online screening tool to determine
your risk of development type 2 diabetes, click here.
Gestational diabetes occurs in 3 to 8 per cent of Australian
women during pregnancy, and usually goes away once the baby is
born. However, about 17 per cent of these women will go on to
develop type 2 diabetes within 10 years, and up to 50 per cent will
develop type 2 diabetes within 30 years. Good management after
pregnancy helps to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes
later in life.
One in four adults over the age of 25 years have either been
diagnosed with diabetes or a condition known as
People with pre-diabetes have higher-than-normal blood glucose
levels but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes.
About Diabetes Queensland
No one has to tackle the challenges of diabetes alone. For
almost 50 years, we've helped thousands of Queenslanders get more
from life by providing them with the right tools, information and
support needed to properly manage their diabetes.
Since 1968, Diabetes Queensland has been connecting Queensland's
largest community of people with diabetes, their families, carers
Diabetes Queensland works hard to help people living with
diabetes, health professionals, government, researchers and the
broader community gain a better understanding of the condition,
provide best diabetes management tools and information based on the
latest research, and provide ongoing support and advice
To visit the Diabetes Queensland homepage for more information,