Risk Factors

We do not know the exact cause of type 1 diabetes. We do know that people do not develop it because of what they eat or how they exercise.  


There are, however, a number of factors that can increase a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes, including a common one for all of us: ageing.


 You are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you:

  • have a family history of diabetes
  • are overweight or obese
  • have an inactive lifestyle
  • are Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander, Melanesian, Polynesian, Chinese, Southeast Asian, Middle Eastern or from the Indian sub-continent
  • have had gestational diabetes
  • have had polycystic ovarian syndrome.


You can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by:

  • reducing the amount of calories (fat and sugar) in your diet
  • eating healthy foods, including fresh fruit and vegetables
  • losing weight (if you are overweight)
  • exercising for 30 minutes each day, and
  • reducing your alcohol intake.


Assess your risk