We do not know the exact cause of type 1 diabetes. We do know
that people do not develop it because of what they eat or how they
There are, however, a number of factors that can increase a
person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes, including a common one
for all of us: ageing.
You are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes if
- have a family history of diabetes
- are overweight or obese
- have an inactive lifestyle
- are Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander, Melanesian,
Polynesian, Chinese, Southeast Asian, Middle Eastern or from the
- have had gestational diabetes
- have had polycystic ovarian syndrome.
You can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by:
- reducing the amount of calories (fat and sugar) in your
- eating healthy foods, including fresh fruit and vegetables
- losing weight (if you are overweight)
- exercising for 30 minutes each day, and
- reducing your alcohol intake.