People with a pre-diabetes condition have higher than normal blood glucose levels, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes.


Two conditions fit into pre-diabetes: impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).  Having either of these conditions does not necessarily mean a progression to type 2 diabetes but the risk is increased. 


If you have a pre-diabetes condition you have a higher risk of developing heart disease. Therefore it is important to have your blood pressure and cholesterol levels checked regularly. It is estimated about 58 per cent of type 2 diagnosis may be reduced by maintaining a healthy weight range, adopting a healthy eating plan, doing regular physical activity, managing blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and not smoking.ยน

1. Knowler, W.C., Fowler, S.E., Hamman, R.F.,  et al; Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group.  10-Year follow-up of diabetes incidence and weight loss in the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study. Lancet. 2009;374 (9702):1677-1686.




Pre-diabetes resources