Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is a serious lifelong condition where the body does not process blood glucose in a normal way.  There are many types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, gestational and pre-diabetes.  Understanding the different kinds of diabetes can help you understand the symptoms and treatment available.  

  • Type 1 Diabetes

    Type 1 Diabetes

    Type 1 diabetes is a life-long autoimmune condition that is usually diagnosed in childhood or early adulthood but can occur at any age.    In type 1 diabetes, the body's own immune system attacks and destroys the beta cells in the pancreas that are responsible for producing...

  • Type 2 Diabetes

    Type 2 Diabetes

    Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, affecting approximately 85 to 90 per cent of all people with diabetes. The body still produces some insulin, but it may not be enough or work well enough to keep blood glucose levels within a healthy range.    Type 2...

  • Gestational Diabetes

    Gestational Diabetes

    Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs in pregnancy.  Between 5 per cent and 10 per cent of pregnant women will develop gestational diabetes. All women are checked for gestational diabetes between weeks 24 to 28 of pregnancy.   The good news is gestational...

  • Pre-diabetes


    People with a pre-diabetes condition have higher than normal blood glucose levels, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes.   Two conditions fit into pre-diabetes: impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).  Having either of these conditions...