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Managing diabetes

Managing diabetes

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs in 5 to 10 per cent of Australian women during pregnancy, and usually goes away once the baby is born.

 

However, experts believe this could rise to 9 to 13 per cent of women if new diagnostic criteria, developed by the Australian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society, are adopted nationally. 

 

With gestational diabetes, women continue to produce insulin normally, but the hormones produced during pregnancy mean their bodies are temporarily less responsive to insulin. This means normal blood glucose levels cannot be maintained.

 

Of the women who develop gestational diabetes, about 17 per cent go on to develop type 2 diabetes within 10 years, and up to 50 per cent will develop type 2 diabetes within 30 years. Good management after pregnancy helps to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.